Trauma is a complex condition. It can present itself after a serious episode of violence, assault or abuse, but it can also refer to childhood trauma.


Patients can also present with a more complex trauma, of repetitive episodes of painful experiences, such as chronic abuse.

Psychotherapy is crucial in recovering from trauma and the shame that often accompanies it.

Expats in Therapy is a private practice that applies Gestalt Psychotherapy. Gestalt Therapy is a modality of therapy that specializes in treating simple and complex trauma.